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PCB board design techniques for electromagnetic interference (EMI)

There are many solutions to the EMI problem in today's PCB design techniques, such as EMI suppression coatings, suitable EMI suppression parts, and EMI simulation designs. LEAPPCB now briefly explains these techniques.

1. Common mode EMI interference source (such as the voltage drop formed by the transient voltage formed in the power busbar across the inductor of the decoupling path)

With low-value inductors in the power plane, the transients synthesized by the inductors are reduced and common-mode EMI is reduced. Reduce the length of the power layer to IC power pin connections. Use 3-6 mil PCB layer spacing and FR4 dielectric material.

2, electromagnetic shielding

Try to place the signal traces on the same PCB layer and close to the power or ground plane. Note that the power plane should be as close as possible to the ground plane.

3, the layout of the parts (different layout will affect the circuit's interference and anti-interference ability)

Block processing according to different functions in the circuit (such as demodulation circuit, high-frequency amplifier circuit and mixing circuit, etc.), in which the strong and weak electrical signals are separated, and the digital and analog signal circuits are separated. The filter network of the circuit must be connected nearby, which not only reduces the spokes, but also improves the anti-interference ability of the circuit and reduces the chance of interference. Components that are susceptible to interference should avoid interference sources such as CPU interference on the data processing board during layout.

4, wiring considerations (unreasonable wiring will cause cross interference between signal lines)

Do not have the traces close to the border of the PCB board to avoid disconnection during production. The power line is wider and the loop resistance is reduced. The signal lines are as short as possible and the number of vias is reduced. The corner wiring should not be at right angles, and should be at 135° angle. The digital circuit and the analog circuit should be isolated by ground, the digital ground and the analog ground should be separated, and finally connected to the power ground.

Reducing electromagnetic interference is an important part of PCB board design. As long as you go to this side of the design, you will naturally be more qualified in product tests such as EMC testing.

LEAPPCB has more than 10 years of experience in PCB manufacturing and electronic circuit board manufacturing. It is a professional one-stop PCB supplier. LEAPPCB has rich experience in electronic circuit board manufacturing, PCB design, circuit board processing, etc. After years of development, the company has become a specialized company integrating R&D, production and service.


Contact: Lillian Zhu

Phone: 008613928048496

Tel: 0755-28628518

Email: leappcb@163.com,sales@leappcb.com

Add: Hongtian industry,baoan area,shenzhen city,guangdong ,china

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